Pennsylvania is the 2nd U.S. state that joined the union on December 12, 1787. This state is known for being the first American state that abolished the slavery and restrictions on religion. It is an amazingly beautiful state with an incredible landscape. The mountains and valleys attract not only tourists who are tired of big cities and missing calm hiking in nature, but also investors, because it is convenient to develop agriculture here.
Rivers and Mountains
Most of Pennsylvania is in the basin of the Susquehanna River which flows into the Chesapeake Bay. To the east flows the river of Delaware that is going into Delaware Bay. This river is a nice eastern border of Pennsylvania with the states of New Jersey and New York. Finally, the western part is framed by the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, which converge at Pittsburgh into the Ohio River.
A major part of territory of Pennsylvania is occupied by the northern part of the Southern Appalachian Mountains as their ridges stretch southwest-northeast: the Blue Mountains, the Allegheny Mountains with the Pennsylvania’s highest point Mount Davis (979 meters). Between the Blue Mountains and the Allegheny Mountains is the Great Valley. In the northwest, the Allegheny Mountains descend to the Appalachian Plateau and the eastern edge of the Central Plains, and to the southeast, the Blue Mountains descend to the Piedmont Plateau and the lowlands of the Atlantic coast. There are karstic relief forms and karst caves in the mountains and the longest one is called the Harlansburg Cave that lasts for 6.7 kilometers.
Soils in the Appalachian Mountains are mostly rye, while the soil in the highlands is more acidic as there are leachate areas in some places. More than half of territory of Pennsylvania is overgrown with deciduous and mixed forests that mostly are covered by maples, birches, hazelnuts, elm, chestnuts, poplars, ashes, and pines. Foxes, deer, rarer black bears, Canadian lynx are the most common animals of these natural sites. Many protected areas such as national parks, state nature parks, national historic parks are well maintained, as a result, people and wild animals can enjoy the undisturbed life.
Agriculture and Farming
Economically, Pennsylvania is one of the strongest US states. Agriculture is one of the largest parts of the economy of this state. The most important places for agriculture are the Piedmont Plateau, the Great Valley, and western Pennsylvania. Cereals, corn, wheat, oats, soybeans, as well as vegetables, champignons, tobacco, fruit trees such as apples, cherries, pears, peaches are grown here. The western part of Pennsylvania belongs to the so-called Corn Soy Belt.
Forest nurseries are also cultivated, as a result, the export of timber bring a lot of money to the state budget. Many feeds such as hay and silage are prepared and supplied to many American farms across the country. Dairy and beef cattle are bred. According to statistics, Pennsylvania ranks 1st among U.S. states in terms of dairy production. Poultry is also bred on the farms, mainly chickens, turkeys, pigs, and sheep.